Poland 2008/10/20

Registered cover from Poland, posted in Tuszyn on October 20, 2008.

There are four different stamps on this cover. The two at the left depict some Easter eggs; the top stamps at the right have the inscription “Isfahan – Miasto Dzieci Polskich” (“Esfahan – the City of Polish Children”). They commemorate the Polish refugee children in Iran during World War II.

During the World War II to Iran together with the created in the USSR Gen. W. Anders’ army have come thousands of exiles, including great number of little children, mostly orphans from the former Polish eastern territories. For some 13 000 of them who had not died of emaciation or illnesses that country became for a few years their temporary home and most of all a refuge to survive the war-time. In Esfahan the years 1942-1945 have spent 2590 Polish children below 7, for whom were arranged various educational institutions, such as nurseries and primary schools, and even a sanatorium. By the end of the war the children had been evacuated in groups together with their protectors to many different countries: New Zealand, Lebanon, India, Mexico, Palestine, or British African colonies, from where most of them have never come back again to their homeland.

The vicissitudes of the Polish exiles have been recalled in 2005 by the IPN (Institute of National Remembrance) exhibition “Rescued from the >inhuman land<“. The fates of Polish exiles from the USSR in 1942-1950”, and by the collective book “Esfahan – the City of Polish Children”, published in London. Their stay in Iran is also commemorated on the local cemeteries and commemorative plaques.

(http://www.poczta-polska.pl/znaczki/en/index.php)

The other two stamps depict a cottage (the stamp has the inscription “Dwór w Łopusznej”, which means “Manor in Łopuszna“) and the Silesian Theatre in Katowice, which was built from 1905 to 07.

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